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UK Spouse Visa

Moving to a new country can be overwhelming - more so when you're by yourself. Our guide breaks down everything you need to know about bringing your spouse over to the UK.

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The Spouse Visa allows anyone who is present and settled in the UK to bring over their spouse to join them. A British citizen or settled person (a person with Indefinite Leave to Remain or permanent residence) is eligible to bring their spouse to join them in the UK.

Marriage Visa

Difference Between A Marriage Visa and A Spouse Visa

The UK Marriage Visa is a term commonly used to refer to the Spouse Visa however, there lies a minor difference between the two.

A Spouse Visa allows the spouses of British citizens and/or persons free from immigration control to join their partners in the UK. A Marriage Visa, however, refers broadly to several visa categories which allow partners of persons with the lawful residence to bring their overseas partners to join them in the UK. This may include dependants of persons who would normally need a visa to enter the country as opposed to the Spouse Visa, which is issued solely to spouses of British citizens settled persons.

It is important to note that Marriage Visa does not in itself exist as an immigration route, while the Spouse Visa does. A Marriage Visa may include both a Spouse Visa and PBS Dependant Visa as a spouse or someone with valid leave to remain in the country (Tier 1, 2, or 4, Overseas Sole Representative Visa, Startup and Innovator Visas).

The kind of Marriage Visa you need will normally depend on your circumstances, as the sponsor.

British citizen - Spouse visa

A person with ILR or permanent residence - Spouse Visa

EEA National married to a non-EEA - EEA Family permit (submitted outside the UK)

A person with refugee status or humanitarian protection - Family reunion

Tier 4 student visa - Dependant of a Tier 4 visa holder

Tier 2 general visa - Dependant of a Tier 2 General visa holder

How Do I Apply for A Spouse Visa in 2021?

You can apply for a Spouse Visa online from outside of the country. If you are already in the UK, you can also apply online given you've met all the eligibility criteria and prepared all documents required for this application. If this isn't the case, you may be required to fill in a form for a postal application instead.

A Spouse Visa is normally issued for 2.5 years and allows the holder to work in the UK without restriction. At the end of the first granted 2.5-year period, the holder can apply for an extension and be eligible for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) after 5 years.

Please note that for ILR applications you will need to provide evidence of cohabitation throughout the 5-year period.

To make this application, both parties must be able to prove the following: -

  • They have physically met each other;
  • They are legally married;
  • That there is an intention to live permanently together in the UK as a couple; and
  • That the sponsor meets the financial requirements as described in the immigration rules

What Documents Do You Need to Apply for a Spouse Visa?

As you may expect, for a visa that comes with rather generous terms, you will be expected to provide a lot of documentary evidence. Most of this documentary evidence will be linked to the relationship and will be used as a way of testing how genuine the relationship is. The UK has historically had problems with so-called "sham marriages", which resulted in the rules being significantly tightened for visas involving relationships/marriages. As a result of this, you will be expected to produce a substantial amount of paperwork.

As well as paperwork pertaining to your relationship, you will also need to provide identifying information (such as passports), as well as documentation relating to your criminal past (if any), your financial situation and, depending on your specific situation, your health.

Below is a list of documents you will need to provide for UK spouse visa;

  • Proof of relationship
  • Your full name.
  • Your date of birth
  • Proof of English language requirements for a spouse visa
  • UK visa application form. For the spouse visa, you will need to submit the form VAF4A.
  • Previous passports.
  • Valid passport with at least an empty page in order to be able to affix visa.
  • Two passport-sized colour photos that are in line with the requirements set by the UK.
  • Proof of financial means.
  • Details of any previous immigration applications, if any.
  • Certificate of a criminal record.
  • Your national insurance number, if any.
  • Date of birth and nationality of parents if your application is done from outside the UK.
  • Proof of accommodation.
  • Biometric information. (Fingerprints and a digital photograph).
  • Proof of spouse visa fees payment.

What Is the Spouse Visa UK Requirements For 2021?

To be eligible for a UK spouse visa in 2021, need to meet the following requirements:

  • Both partners must be 18 years and above.
  • A sufficient level of English-speaking ability - For initial applications, the requirement for a Spouse visa is a lower standard of English than that of a Spouse Visa extension and Indefinite Leave to Remain. The English language skills may need to be proven depending on your country of origin.
  • You must meet the minimum income requirement - If applying without dependants, the requirement is £18,600. There are different rules in place contingent upon whether you are employed or Self-Employed and whether you are applying with Dependants. If you are not employed and hold savings of £62,500, you do not need to show you are employed.
  • You must have suitable accommodation for you, your partner, and/or dependants.
  • The Sponsor, Which Is A Term Referring to A British Citizen Or "Settled" Person Inviting Someone to the UK, Must Be Resident in The UK Or Intending to Become Resident at The Same Time as Making the Spouse Visa Application. Somebody Who Is Settled in The UK Will Have ILR Or Protected Status, Such as A Refugee.
  • You Must Be in A Genuine and Subsisting Relationship. You, Will, Need to Be Able to Evidence This, Documentation Will Be Required. It Is Not Mandatory for You to Have Lived Together For 2 Years, But If You Have Lived Together for Any Duration of Time, You Should Provide Utility Bills as Evidence
  • You must be able to financially support both yourself and your dependants (will require proof of finances)

If you can meet these criteria, then you should have a very strong application - it is also possible to apply even if all these conditions have not been met.

Financial Requirements for A Spouse Visa

To bring your spouse to the UK, you must be able to prove you can look after them during their stay. You need to be earning above a certain threshold to prove they will not be a burden on the state whilst in the country.

It is important to note, however, that you will be exempt from the financial requirement if you are in the UK as a refugee, or under humanitarian protection. However, you will still need to show that you earn a minimum gross salary/wage; the amount will depend on who you are applying for.

How Much Funds Are Required for A UK Spouse Visa with And Without Dependents?

When looking at the financial requirements for a spouse visa in the UK, the first question to ask yourself is ‘how much do I need to earn for a spouse visa?’; this is referred to as the minimum income requirement. The minimum income requirement to be met when applying for a spouse visa depends on whether or not you have dependent children.

If you are applying for your spouse alone, you will need to show that you earn a minimum gross annual income of £18,600.

If you are applying for your spouse and one child, the financial requirement is £22,400 gross per year.

For every additional child (in addition to the point above) you will need to add £2,400 for each child to the £22,400 gross per year.

This means the minimum income for an applicant with two dependant children will be £24,800, and for three children, it will be £27,200.

Please note that maintenance funds will be taken into consideration in line with the source of the funds in question. Only the sources listed below will be considered:

  • Income of the partner from specified employment or self-employment, which, in respect of a partner returning to the UK with the applicant, can include specified employment or self-employment overseas and in the UK, or a combination of both
  • Pension of the applicant and/or partner
  • Maternity allowances or bereavement benefit received by the partner in the UK
  • Any other income and/or savings specified by the applicant and/or partner

How Much in Savings Do I Need for A UK Spouse Visa?

Savings can be used towards meeting the minimum income requirements for a spouse visa if they exceed £16,000. In fact, if you have enough savings (£62,500), you will not need to show evidence of any income. The way that this is calculated by the Home Office is as follows:

Step 1: Divide the amount of savings you have over £16,000 by 2.5 (2.5 is the number of years the savings need to last for)

Step 2: Take the amount in step from the minimum income requirement for your situation (i.e. £18,600 or more if you have children).

The final figure you are left with is your new minimum income requirement.

For example:

£30,000 in savings: £30,000 - £16,000 = £14,000 / 2.5 = £5,600

£18,600 - £5,600 = £13,000

In this example, you would only need to show an annual income of £13,000 if you have savings of £30,000.

Please note, when submitting your application for a spouse visa, you will need to make and sign a declaration of the source of your cash savings.

How much bank balance is required for a UK spouse visa?

If you are relying on your annual income to meet the minimum financial requirement for a spouse visa, you will need to provide evidence of your regular salary (e.g., in the form of wage slips). Where you are relying on savings, however, you will need to provide an official personal bank statement showing the savings held for the six months prior to your application. If you are relying on both income and savings, you will need to show evidence of both.

How Many Months Wage Slips for A Spouse Visa?

Appendix FM-SE states that spouse visa applicants who are submitting payslips as evidence of salaried employment need to provide six months’ worth, or for “any period of salaried employment in the period of 12 months prior to the date of application if the person has been employed by their current employer for less than six months”.

What Happens If I Don’t Meet the Financial Requirements for A Spouse Visa?

Exemptions from meeting the financial requirement will be applicable if the sponsor is receiving income from any of the following sources:

  • Disability living allowance
  • Severe disablement allowance
  • Armed Forces Independence Payment or Guaranteed Income Payment under the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme
  • Mobility Supplement, Constant Attendance Allowance, or War Disablement Pension under the War Pensions Scheme
  • Police Injury Pension
  • Industrial injury disablement benefit
  • Attendance allowance
  • Carers’ allowance

This means that sponsors will not need to show they earn £18,600 (or more). It is important to note, however, that in the event of a partner qualifying for exemption in line with the above, the applicant will still need to show that they have enough funds to maintain themselves in the UK, as well as having adequate accommodation (while having no recourse to public funds), for further assistance, get in touch with our immigration lawyers.

If none of the exemptions above applies, applicants may be able to ask that exceptional circumstances be considered by the Home Office. This may be possible, for example, if they can show that, in line with human rights law, their child/ren would be at harm if the application is refused. If you are able to rely on exceptional circumstances, you will still need to prove you have sufficient funds, but the source of these will be widened to include other credible sources, such as a guarantee of financial support from another person.

Combining Your Income

For partners outside and inside of the UK applying for a spouse visa, you will have to make sure to meet with the minimum income requirement required for this application. If a spouse visa application is done from outside the UK, you cannot include your earnings but your savings can be used to contribute to the total income amount needed. On the other hand, if the spouse application is done within the UK, earnings can be contributed to the total amount needed.

Combining your earnings and savings to help you meet the income requirements can also be done including proof of financial support throughout the validity period of your visa. If you are not able to meet the financial requirement using one source of income, alternatively you can combine the following sources:

  • Self-employment/employment income
  • Pension
  • Maternity, sickness, adoption or paternity pay
  • Income from rent or shares
  • Minimum cash savings of £16,000 for at least six months

How Do I Provide Evidence of Accommodation Requirement for UK Spouse Visa?

Spouse visa applicants need to provide evidence to prove they have adequate accommodation in the UK. ‘Adequate’ in this sense means that the accommodation is:

  • For the exclusive use of the applicant and their family – evidence may include a copy of the property deeds, a letter from a bank or building society showing the mortgage arrangements, a lease agreement, and rent book, or a letter from a family member or friend who is making the accommodation available to the applicant and their family unit.
  • Not paid through public funds
  • Not, or will not be overcrowded – you will be asked to provide details of the number of people in the accommodation and the number and type of rooms to ensure that the ‘room and space standard’ is met. Further details on this requirement can be found in the Home Office’s guidance entitled, ‘Appendix FM Section 1.7A – Adequate maintenance and accommodation’.
  • In accordance with any public health regulations.

English Language Requirements

The applicant would need to show that they have adequate knowledge of the English language. The following are the ways in which an applicant can meet the English language requirement:

  • Being a citizen of a majority English speaking country
  • Possess an educational degree from a higher educational institution in the United Kingdom
  • Pass a UKVI recognized English Language test
  • If the applicant is over 65 years old, they can be exempted
  • Where the applicant suffers from a disability preventing them from meeting the English Language requirement
  • If there are exceptional circumstances that prevent the applicant from being able to meet the requirement prior to entry to the UK

Fees for A Spouse Visa

The fee for making a Spouse Visa application is £1,523, which is subject to regular change. The application and documentation will need to be completed and submitted online. You will also need to pay additional fees, such as the Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS), which is £400 per year per applicant and IHS may increase to approximately £600 per year in 2020. If you have used legal help, you will need to pay disbursements separately - we will advise you of the costs involved in using our service once we have taken detailed instructions and understand the strengths and weaknesses of your case.

You will need to pay the total upfront for your application to be processed - the prices quoted only cover standard fees. If you are looking to have your application processed faster, you will need to use a premium service, which adds further additional costs.

Below are other requirement costs needed in the spouse visa application:

Requirements

Out of country application

In-country application

Spouse visa UK fee (cost) in 2021

£1,523

£1,033

Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS)

£1,200

£1,000

Housing Report

£80-120

£80-120

Copy of the title deeds

£3

£3

Priority (premium) visa services

£573

£500-800

Lawyer fees

£195-£1,850+

£195-£1,850+

Bank statements

£0-80

£0-80

English language test

£150

£150

Tuberculosis test

£65-110

£65-110

Translations

£0-300+

£0-300+

What Is the Processing Time for A Spouse Visa?

For spouse visa processing time, you should be able to get a decision within 12 weeks of attending your appointment at the visa application center. How fast the processing of your visa will be depending on what country you are applying from. You can check with your visa application center.

Spouse Visa Renewal and Extension

If you have been last granted leave as a spouse of a British citizen or a person present and settled in the UK (or a refugee), you should be able to apply for a renewal or extension as the case may be - provided you are still married to your visa sponsor and continue to meet the other immigration requirements.

Please note that if your spousal application was granted prior to 09 June 2012, your extension application will be considered in line with Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules.

It is also important to note that Spouse Visa applications, which are considered under Appendix FM (as mentioned above), would be subject to meeting the financial requirements, which involves showing an annual income of at least £18,600 before tax.

Entry Clearance for A Spouse Visa

The immigration rules allow the spouse of a person present and settled in the UK to apply for Entry Clearance as a spouse. The definitions of a person present and settled in the UK also include persons who have been granted settlement at the same time as the applicant.

The following are the requirements for Entry Clearance as a spouse:

  • The applicant must be outside the UK
  • The application for entry clearance as a spouse must be a valid one
  • Must not fall for refusal under any of the grounds in Section S-EC: Suitability-entry clearance; and
  • The applicant must meet all the requirements of Section E-ECP: Eligibility for entry clearance as a partner.

Entry Clearance Applications Will Be Refused If:

  • There is a directive from the Secretary of State that the exclusion of an applicant from the UK is conducive to the public good
  • The applicant is subject to a deportation order as of the date of application
  • The exclusion of the applicant from the UK has been deemed conducive to the public good as a result of the applicant's conduct, character, or association
  • Without a reasonable excuse, the applicant failed to show up for a compulsory interview, provide specified information, undergo a medical examination, or report when required to do so. It is immaterial whether the misrepresentation is intentional or known to the applicant or not
  • It is undesirable to grant entry clearance for medical reasons
  • The mandatory IHS surcharge, alongside other compulsory charges, have not been paid or have failed
  • Failure to provide a requested maintenance and accommodation undertaking

Switching into A Spouse Visa

Migrants currently in the United Kingdom with valid leave to remain or enter for a period of more than six months and are married to a British national, a person present and settled in the UK, or with refugee status or humanitarian protection, can apply to switch into a Spouse Visa from within the country.

One option is switching to a Spouse Visa wherein the proposed applicant is married to a citizen of the EEA. The benefit of switching to a Spouse Visa is that your case for remaining as a spouse may be stronger than your claim to extend your current visa. The Spouse Visa is one of the UK's longer-lasting visas and is also extendable to cover the possibility of gaining ILR after 5 years.

The process is reasonably straightforward - like many other visa programmes, it is all down to eligibility.

The Main Areas of Eligibility for Switching to A Spouse Visa Are:

  • Evidence of a relationship
  • Documentary evidence to support the financial requirements (please note that after August 2017 the Home office must take specific conditions in mind when it comes to the minimum income threshold)
  • Adequate accommodation
  • Good English language skills
  • These are pretty common among the visa programmes in the UK and are designed to ensure that applicants are who they say they are. The UK is currently trying to reduce net migration and so is ensuring that every applicant is genuine.

Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) As A Spouse

If you have been granted a Spouse Visa under Appendix FM, you will need to apply for ILR using the SET (M) application form; provided you have continually resided in the UK for 5 years under the Spouse Visa. Exemptions are applicable to individuals who are normally exempt from meeting such requirements under Appendix FM.

A person who was granted a Spouse Visa under the rules set in place before 9 July 2012 can apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) using the SET (M) application upon completion of 2 years residence in the UK on a Spouse Visa. The applicant can submit the SET (M) application 28 days before completion of 2 years of residence in the UK as a spouse.

Requirements for ILR Application as A Spouse

As a spouse applying for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) as a spouse you will need to make sure to meet the requirements for this application, which are;

  • Meet the English and Life in UK requirements.
  • Proof of suitable accommodation
  • You will need to meet the financial requirement
  • Proof to show you have lived with your partner for 5 a period of 5 years or more
  • You and your partner are still genuinely married

I’m Worried I May Not Have the Right Documents to Make an Application, Can You Help?

Absolutely!

We have a long history of helping applicants successfully move to the UK to live and work. Our process will help make your application run as smoothly as possible - we can do as much or as little of the work as you wish. Many people are happy to leave the process entirely in our hands, providing only what we ask for, while others prefer having more control. Our adaptable process ensures you are kept up to date and well informed throughout. If there are any application queries then we can also take care of them, allowing you to sit back and wait for your application to be processed, safe in the knowledge that it has been completed professionally and without mistake.

Is A Civil Partnership Treated the Same as A Marriage for A Spouse Visa?

Yes, as far as the Spouse Visa is concerned, there is no difference between a Civil Partnership and a marriage. The main concern is whether your relationship is genuine or not. You will be expected to provide significant amounts of evidence to prove this, therefore making it unimportant as to whether you are in a Civil Partnership or marriage.

Recent changes in the UK now allow for heterosexual couples to enter into a Civil Partnership as well. So, if you find a Civil Partnership to be more suitable to your relationship, do not be put off entering one on the grounds of your Spouse Visa application - it still satisfies the UKVI requirements.

UK Spouse Visa Lawyers

We have a team of professional immigration solicitors who specialize in assisting clients with Spouse Visa applications. Our Spouse Visa lawyers boast over 20 years’ worth of experience in Spouse Visa applications and will be more than happy to assist you.


FAQs

  • Thank you for your enquiry. We are sorry to hear of the troubles you are facing. Your options depend on a variety of circumstance such as the following:
    • Have you been a victim of domestic violence?
    • Are there are any children involved?
    • How long have you been in the UK in total?
    If any of the above apply, there are options available to you. We recommend that you urgently seek Immigration advice so that we can advise of your options.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    To enable your wife to enter the UK, you will need to apply for a partner visa under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules. The requirements in a nutshell are as follows:
    €¢ Suitability requirement - the applicant must not have any criminal convictions, cautions or civil judgements, previous immigration history or have any other character or conduct issues that make it undesirable for them to enter the UK;
    ۢ Relationship - the applicant and sponsor must come under the definition of a partner (be married or in a civil partnership, a fianc̩/e or an unmarried partner if you have been living together for at least two years together), be aged over 18, not be in a prohibited relationship (e.g. polygamous marriage) and provide evidence that they are in a genuine and subsisting relationship;
    €¢ Financial requirement - show that there is a minimum gross income of £18,600 per year. If there are non-EEA children applying at the same time, this minimum income increases by £3800 for the first child and then £2400 for each subsequent child. Only certain types of income and/or savings can be included There are limited exemptions to this minimum financial requirement if you are in receipt of certain benefits of receive certain types of maintenance grants or stipends;
    €¢ Adequate accommodation - you will need to show that there is accommodation that is of an adequate size for those you will be living and for your exclusive use;
    €¢ English language requirement - if an applicant is not from a Home Office defined majority speaking country, they will need to show that they have a minimum level of speaking and listening in English. This can be satisfied by either sitting an Home Office approved test at an approved test provider or using a degree that has been taught in the UK or taught in English abroad which has been approved by a body called UK NARIC.;
    €¢ TB test certificate - if the applicant is from a country that requires TB testing, the applicant will be obliged to obtain a TB test certificate from an Home Office approved clinic.

    In your circumstances, the key concern will be how you satisfy the financial criteria. You mention that you have been working in Qatar. If you are still with your employer and have a job offer to start within three months of your return to the UK, you can satisfy the financial requirement this way. There are other ways too such as having a minimum amount of savings (e.g. £62,5000 that you have held for six months or more if you rely upon no income).

    If you do not satisfy any of the above, your wife may not be eligible for a partner visa. You mentioned that she is a nurse. If she is a registered nurse, she does also have the option of applying for a Tier 2 (General) work visa.
    We recommend you get in contact with us to discuss this further and advise of your options.
    If your children were born to at least one British parent, outside of the UK, they are British by descent. They will be required to apply for an Overseas Passport Application in order for them to enter the UK.
    To enable your wife to enter the UK, you will most likely need to apply for a partner visa under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules. There are 6 requirement associated with this type of visa.
    Looking at the information that you have provided, it seems as if the Financial Requirement could potentially be met - however we do need to delve deeper to confirm a handful of other points regarding your finances, including your employment history and status (whether self-employed or employed and length of time), what documents you can produce to prove this and lastly, your employment plans upon return to the UK. You are also able to show non- employment income, including rental income from a property that you own, or cash savings held whether through salary savings or the proceeds of a property sale. We can discuss this further to understand which category you can apply under.
    There are other eligibility criteria to satisfy, and we are happy to determine whether or not you do meet them.
    Now, this visa hinges on the basis that the relationship is genuine and subsisting. You can either meet this being unmarried partners or spouses evidenced through marriage. We will guide you on what to provide but you must be able to demonstrate that this is correct.
    As the Applicant, your wife will need to ensure that she has satisfied the English Language requirement. This can be met by completing an approved English test or having a degree taught in English recognised by the UK NARIC.
    The Applicant will also need to ensure that they have completed a Pre-Departure Tuberculosis (TB)screening in their country of residence. Not all countries are at risk of TB but those that are will have specific centres that will hold screenings.
    The Applicant will need to show that they meet the suitability requirements - which includes disclosing criminal convictions, cautions and civil judgments. This also include any other character or conduct issues that make it undesirable for them to enter the UK
    As the British national, you will be referred to as the Sponsor. As the Sponsor, along with the aforementioned financial requirement, you will need to be able to show that you have adequate accommodation for your partner and children. There is a two-part test, which looks at the number of people in a property as well as the number of bedrooms and other spaces within the property. From the information provided, your two children of different genders are below the age of 10 and can share a room. You and your wife will need to show that you have exclusive occupation of a total of 2 rooms in a property - either that you rent or own / or is owned by your friends/family.

    We have outlined the requirements above but there are further aspects of the application that must be addressed. In order to understand fully about the prospects of success of your application, as well as creative scenario testing and solutions, our team are happy to discuss further.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    We are sorry to hear of the troubles your daughter and son-in-law have encountered with the immigration process.
    Unfortunately they are likely to continue finding it difficult obtaining a partner visa under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules. This is because under these rules, there are certain requirements that must be met. One of these is known as Suitability, which deals with applicants who have criminal convictions, cautions and/or civil judgements or there are character or conduct issues which make it undesirable to grant them a visa. One of the requirements states that if an applicant has been sentenced to imprisonment of four years or more, they will never be considered as suitable to be granted a visa under these rules. It unfortunately means that an application under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules is bound to fail on this point.
    Despite the above, they can still make an application on human rights grounds, specifically Article 8 of the European Convention of Human Rights ('ECHR'). This is the right to a private and family life. It can be argued that the refusal of a visa will be a disproportionate breach of your son-in-law and daughter's human rights.
    We recommend you get in contact with us to discuss this further and advise of your options.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    In order to enter the UK as a spouse, you will need to satisfy the rules under Appendix of the Immigration Rules. The requirements in a nutshell are as follows:
    Suitability requirement - the applicant must not have any criminal convictions, cautions or civil judgements, previous immigration history or have any other character or conduct issues that make it undesirable for them to enter the UK;
    Relationship - the applicant and sponsor must come under the definition of a partner (be married or in a civil partnership, a fiancé/e or an unmarried partner if you have been living together for at least two years together), be aged over 18, not be in a prohibited relationship (e.g. polygamous marriage) and provide evidence that they are in a genuine and subsisting relationship;
    Financial requirement - show that there is a minimum gross income of £18,600 per year. If there are non-EEA children applying at the same time, this minimum income increases by £3800 for the first child and then £2400 for each subsequent child. Only certain types of income and/or savings can be included There are limited exemptions to this minimum financial requirement if you are in receipt of certain benefits of receive certain types of maintenance grants or stipends;
    Adequate accommodation - you will need to show that there is accommodation that is of an adequate size for those you will be living and for your exclusive use;
    English language requirement - if an applicant is not from a Home Office defined majority speaking country, they will need to show that they have a minimum level of speaking and listening in English. This can be satisfied by either sitting an Home Office approved test at an approved test provider or using a degree that has been taught in the UK or taught in English abroad which has been approved by a body called UK NARIC.;
    TB test certificate - if the applicant is from a country that requires TB testing, the applicant will be obliged to obtain a TB test certificate from an Home Office approved clinic.

    With regard to your daughter, as long as you are named on the birth certificate and the child has a British passport, there is no specific requirement for you to provide a DNA test.
    As set out above, the financial requirement is a minimum of £18,600. If your wife is not working and she in receipt of certain benefits, she will not need to show that there is £18,600 available. Instead, she will need to prove adequate maintenance which will, look into the funds that she is in receipt of - deducting the outgoings pertaining to rent and expenditure. This is then compared with the income support levels that others in a similar situation but are British would receive in state benefits.
    If you cannot satisfy the financial criteria above, you can make an application on the basis of you and your family's human rights and the Home Office can consider whether there are exceptional circumstances why you should be granted a visa. It can unfortunately be difficult to obtain a visa on this basis unless there are serious issues involved which would make it disproportionate for you to be refused a visa to join your family.
    Other visa options are available but depend on your situation. You can seek to enter the UK as a Tier 4 (General) student if you wish to study in the UK or a Tier 2 (General) work visa if you are a skilled worker and can find a company that wish to sponsor you.
    We recommend you get in contact with us to discuss this further and advise of your options
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    Option 1:
    In order to enter the UK as a spouse, you will need to satisfy the rules under Appendix of the Immigration Rules. The requirements in a nutshell are as follows:
    Suitability requirement - the applicant must not have any criminal convictions, cautions or civil judgements, previous immigration history or have any other character or conduct issues that make it undesirable for them to enter the UK;
    Relationship - the applicant and sponsor must come under the definition of a partner (be married or in a civil partnership, a fiancé/e or an unmarried partner if you have been living together for at least two years together), be aged over 18, not be in a prohibited relationship (e.g. polygamous marriage) and provide evidence that they are in a genuine and subsisting relationship;
    Financial requirement - show that there is a minimum gross income of £18,600 per year. If there are non-EEA children applying at the same time, this minimum income increases by £3800 for the first child and then £2400 for each subsequent child. Only certain types of income and/or savings can be included There are limited exemptions to this minimum financial requirement if you are in receipt of certain benefits of receive certain types of maintenance grants or stipends;
    Adequate accommodation - you will need to show that there is accommodation that is of an adequate size for those you will be living and for your exclusive use;
    English language requirement - if an applicant is not from a Home Office defined majority speaking country, they will need to show that they have a minimum level of speaking and listening in English. This can be satisfied by either sitting an Home Office approved test at an approved test provider or using a degree that has been taught in the UK or taught in English abroad which has been approved by a body called UK NARIC.;
    €¢ TB test certificate - if the applicant is from a country that requires TB testing, the applicant will be obliged to obtain a TB test certificate from an Home Office approved clinic.

    In regard to how we work, we offer full representation. This means that we will complete the online forms, work with you to prepare the specified documents in support of the application and prepare detailed legal representations setting out the Rules and how you satisfy them. We will be there to continuously advise and assist you throughout the process.

    With regard to our fees, we work on a fixed agreed fee basis. This means that our fees are fixed, do not change and are up to the first decision of the Home Office. Our fees vary depending on the complexities of your case. We recommend you call us to discuss your matter so we can confirm whether you satisfy the Rules and then advise on the process and the tailored fees.
    Option 2:
    Thank you for getting in touch.
    We need to understand your status in the UK.
    In the event that you are in the UK on the basis of Leave to Remain under a Tier 2 or certain Tier 4 Points Based System visas, then there is a Points Based System Dependent application that we can discuss with you.
    This particular route needs certain requirements to be met, including:
    €¢ Maintenance - including adequate support financially;
    €¢ Documents confirming the status of the main applicant (potentially you).
    In the event that you are in the UK and are either British or This makes a difference as we should first ascertain in which regard you will be considered a Sponsor - whether through a family route as a British spouse.
    There are 6 requirements to meet for applicants from India. They are:
    Relationship criteria;
    Immigration history;
    Tuberculosis;
    English language;
    Accommodation and;
    Financial threshold.
    We can guide you through what will meet the requirements and give you creative solutions. Upon instructions, provide a tailored list of documents that we will need from you to prepare and submit an entry clearance application for your husband.
  • Thanks for getting in touch.
    You mention that your wife is a non-EU national but you also mention that she has entered the UK Article 10 Residence Card.
    If this is the matter, she will be able to apply for Pre-Settled status under the Eu Settlement Scheme. This is a straight-forward application can be completed on android device.
    We are of course happy to discuss this further.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    If you wish to enter the UK on the basis of your relationship with your British partner, you will need to satisfy the partner visa rules contained in Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules. The first concern in your case is whether you come under the definition of a partner under GEN.1.2 of Appendix FM. They define a partner as one of the following:
    A spouse or civil partner;
    A fiance, with the intention to marry within six months of entering the UK; or
    An unmarried partner where you have been living in a relationship akin to marriage of two years or more.
    From the brief information you have provided, your relationship does not currently come under the definition of any of these.
    With regard to other options, as you have cited that you are an actor, you may be able to work in the UK under a Tier 2 (General) work visa or Tier 5 (Temporary Work). You will need to find an employer that wishes to sponsor you.
    We recommend that you contact us so that we can advise of your options.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    To enable your fiance to enter the UK, you will most likely need to apply for a partner visa under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules. There are 6 requirements associated with this type of visa.
    Looking at the information that you have provided,
    The financial requirement will require important and up to date information including your employment history and status (whether self-employed or employed and length of time), what documents you can produce to prove this and lastly, your employment plans upon return to the UK. You are also able to show non- employment income, including rental income from a property that you own, or cash savings held whether through salary savings or the proceeds of a property sale. We can discuss this further to understand which category you can apply under.
    Now, this visa hinges on the basis that the relationship is genuine and subsisting. You can either meet this being unmarried partners or spouses evidenced through marriage. Once you have completed your registry next month, you become eligible for the married partner visa. We will guide you on what to provide but you must be able to demonstrate that this is correct.
    As the Applicant, your wife will need to ensure that she has satisfied the English Language requirement. This can be met by completing an approved English test or having a degree taught in English recognised by the UK NARIC.
    The Applicant will also need to ensure that they have completed a Pre-Departure Tuberculosis (TB)screening in their country of residence. Not all countries are at risk of TB but those that are will have specific centres that will hold screenings. China is a country that requires a TB screening and there are 14 approved centres in the country.
    The Applicant will need to show that they meet the suitability requirements - which includes disclosing criminal convictions, cautions and civil judgments. This also include any other character or conduct issues that make it undesirable for them to enter the UK
    As the British national, you will be referred to as the Sponsor. As the Sponsor, along with the aforementioned financial requirement, you will need to be able to show that you have adequate accommodation for your partner and children. There is a two-part test, which looks at the number of people in a property as well as the number of bedrooms and other spaces within the property. For a childless couple, we will need to be able to show that you both have exclusive occupation of at least one room in a property.
    We have outlined the requirements above but there are further aspects of the application that must be addressed. In order to understand fully about the prospects of success of your application, as well as creative scenario testing and solutions, our team are happy to discuss further.
    With regard to our fees, we work on a fixed agreed fee basis. This means that our fees are fixed, do not change and are up to the first decision of the Home Office. We recommend you call us to discuss your matter so we can confirm whether you satisfy the rules and then advise on the process and the tailored fees.
  • Thank you for your enquiry. We are sorry to hear about the difficulties you are facing.
    Unfortunately, as your visa has now been curtailed, you are not eligible to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain ('ILR') under the partner route of Appendix FM. This is because when you apply for ILR on these grounds, one of the key requirements is to show that you continue to be in a genuine and subsisting relationship with your partner and intend to settle together and make the UK your home. As the relationship has broken down and your partner is no longer sponsoring your application, you cannot satisfy the above requirement.
    The other options depend on your circumstances. We recommend you call us to discuss your matter so we can advise of your options.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    In order to satisfy the financial requirement, you need to show that you have a minimum income of £18,600 per year (this increases if there are non-EEA national children involved). This can be satisfied in a number of ways.
    From the information provided, you wish to rely upon both self-employed income and your current employment income. Under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules, you can combine different income avenues. Your proposed option only works if the following applies:
    Your self-employment was as a sole trader and not through a limited company;
    That you have submitted your accounts for the most recent financial year ending 5 April;
    That at the time of application, both employment and self-employment are a source of your income.
    If any of the above do not apply, you cannot combine the two income avenues.
    The second option would be to wait until you have completed six months of employment with your current employer.
    Make use of our free consultation and we are happy to speak with you in depth about your options.
  • The enquiry has been responded to privately by one of our immigration solicitors
  • Thank you for you enquiry. We are sorry to hear of the troubles you are facing.
    Your options depend on a variety of circumstance such as the following: Have you been a victim of domestic violence?
    Are there are any children involved?
    How long have you been in the UK in total?

    If any of the above apply, there are options available to you.
    We recommend that you urgently seek immigration advice so that we can advise of your options.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    When applying for a partner visa, you need to provide evidence that you satisfy the rules contained in Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules. One of the requirements is 'Suitability'. It must be shown that the applicant does not have any criminal convictions, cautions or civil judgements, previous negative immigration history or have any other character or conduct issues that make it undesirable for them to enter the UK.
    Your partner will be obliged to tell the Home Office about their overstaying in the Republic of Ireland as part of the application process. If they do not divulge this information or do not tell the truth as part of the application process, they will be refused on the basis of having used deception in an application.
    Generally speaking, overstaying in another country is not a reason for the Home Office to refuse an application. This may however change if there are 'aggravating' factors which the Home Office consider make it undesirable for your partner to enter the UK.
    We recommend you contact us so that we can explore your options further.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    When an EEA national is applying to bring a non-EEA family member to the UK, they need to satisfy the rules contained in the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006 ('EEA Regulations'). In order to bring a direct family member such as a spouse to the UK, you will need to prove that you are either a permanent resident under regulation 15 EEA Regulations or exercising treaty rights, know as being a qualified person under regulation 6 EEA Regulations.
    The evidence required is COMPLETE
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    When an EEA national is applying to bring a non-EEA family member to the UK, they need to satisfy the rules contained in either the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006 ('EEA Regulations') or the Post-Brexit Appendix EU rules. In order to bring a direct family member such as a spouse to the UK, you will need to prove that you are an EEA national in the UK and that the person applying is a direct family, for example your wife.
    An application for a family permit is made online and free of charge. Once issued, it is valid for six months. As soon as they enter the UK, we would recommend that they apply for Pre-Settled Status under Appendix EU. This is also a free of charge application. Once granted, they will be given five years of Pre-Settled Status. They will be free to work, study and enter and exit the UK. After they have completed five years in the UK, they can apply for Settled Status, which is the equivalent of Indefinite Leave to Remain.
    In order to discuss the finer details of the process and how we can represent you, we recommend you contact us
  • This enquiry has been dealt with privately by one of our immigration solicitors
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    I must address two concerning factors of your enquiry.
    Firstly, you mention that your cousin is separated from his partner but not divorced. In this instance, they are still in a marriage and therefore, still married to the first wife.
    Secondly, you mentioned that your cousin got married recently. This marriage is void as the divorce proceedings for the first marriage have not been exhausted.
    We are happy to discuss this further but we are not able to proceed with an application for a spouse visa until we are able to see a Decree Absolute (Certificate of Divorce).
    Once you have this - do
  • This enquiry has been dealt with privately by one of our immigration solicitors
  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • This enquiry has been dealt with in a private email by one of our immigration solicitors

  • You are needed to meet the English Language requirement. You will be qualified if you are a citizen of a country that speaks English as its official language; If you have successfully obtained a certificate that was tutored in English language equivalent to a British Bachelor's Degree; and if you are successful in a suitable English Language examination endorsed by the UKVI. However you will not need to meet this requirement if you are:
    65 years and above when the application was made
    Physically or mentally challenged and as such could not meet the requirement
    Constrained by an exceptionally sympathetic circumstance.
  • If you want to make the application outside the United Kingdom, you are required to make the application online through this website . if you are a country where the application cannot be made through the internet, you are permitted to make the application through the VAF4A application form as well as with the additional applicable appendix.
  • If you are making your application inside the United Kingdom you are required to make the application through the FLR (M) application form. You can submit the application through the same day visa premium service.
  • You will need to show the following:
    The relationship you are in is long-term
    You live together with your spouse
    You and your spouse have the intension of living with each other in the country.
    You along with your spouse bear the same responsibility for your children
    You along with your spouse share financial commitment such as agreement of tenancy or mortgage, bank saving, and both of your names appear on utility bills.
    You and your partner have both visited each other's member of family in each other's country of nationality
  • Yearly you are expected to earn a salary of £18,600. You will be required to earn £22,400 if you intend to support and sponsor a child as well as your spouse.

    If you have another child you will be required to earn an additional £2,400. To show that you are financially qualified you will be expected to provide supporting documents in relation to it.

    However, if your sponsor is a recipient of funds related to disability or sums of money as a caregiver, you will not be required to meet this requirement. You will be required to show that your sponsor can house you and meet your maintenance needs without seeking for help from public fund.
  • A switch into the UK Spouse Visa is permitted as long as you are not in the United Kingdom as a:
    Visitor
    Leave holder for less than 6 months unless granted entry as a proposed civil partner or fianc(e)
    Temporary holder of an admission
    Person who is in the country unlawfully or an over stayer.
  • If your application was done outside the United Kingdom, you will be normally issued entry clearance for 33 months. You are further permitted to make an application for extension under this category for which you will be given an additional 30 months if the application is successful. You will be permitted to apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) if you have stayed for 5 years under this category.

    On the other hand, if you application was made in the United Kingdom to switch into the UK spouse category, you will be granted a further leave to remain for 30 months. You are permitted to make an application for an extension under this category for which you will be granted stay for an additional 30 months. You will be permitted to apply for an Indefinite Leave of Remain (ILR) if you have stayed in the country for 5 years under the UK spouse visa category.
  • Whenever the application fee is paid is your application date. Depending on if the payment was made online or at a visa application center, the date will be contained on your receipt of payment.
  • You are permitted to apply for ILR 28 days before you complete 2 years of stay in the UK as a UK Spouse visa holder if your UK spouse visa was firstly granted to you in conformity with the Immigration Rules existing prior to the 9th of July, 2012.

    You are permitted to make an application for ILR 28 days before you complete 5 years in the United Kingdom as a UK Spouse visa holder if your visa was firstly issued in conformity to the Rules of Immigration in existence from the 9th of July, 2012.

    In a situation where your first spouse visa was granted to you in conformity of the Immigration Rules that existed from the 9th of July, 2012 and it was granted to you relying on paragraph EX1 of the Appendix FM of the rules that oversea the United Kingdom Immigration, you may apply for ILR 28 days before the completion of 10 years residence in the country as a UK spouse visa holder.
  • Thank you for your enquiry.
    We are sorry to hear of the breakdown of your relationship. Your options depend on a variety of circumstance such as the following:
    Have you been a victim of domestic violence?
    Are there are any children involved?
    How long have you been in the UK in total?
    If any of the above apply, there are options available to you.
    If not, then we can look at other options that may be available to you such as work, study or setting up a business. We recommend that you urgently seek immigration advice so that we can advise of your options.

Reiss Edwards Awards

ACQ5 Awards Award
Lexis Nexis
Three Best Rated
Department For International Development
University Of Cambridge
Lexology Legal Influencers
ACQ5 Awards Award ACQ5 Awards Award
Lexis Nexis Lexis Nexis
Three Best Rated Three Best Rated
Department For International Development Department For International Development
University Of Cambridge University Of Cambridge
Lexology Legal Influencers Lexology Legal Influencers

O.L

Andy Tieu is absolutely amazing.

As a lawyer myself I can categorically say that he knows his stuff, gentle, responsive, cares about you and not just about the money, very professional.
I mean I can go on and on!

Andy and the entire team at Reiss Edwards are amazing!

Thanks again Andy.

Kiran Sardar


I found Joe very helpful and tremendous patience which is a must in this professional as there are lots of emotions always involved in each and every case.

The way they dealt with my case during COVID19 Situation is highly appreciable. I would definitely recommend Joe D. and Anna F. Anna is an amazing lady, her patience is beyond my words.

Her hard work and professionalism have no boundaries. She is the right person for all type of cases.

Thanks to Anna and Joe for all your support and guidance which helped me fulfill my dream.

I would say Reiss Edwards is lucky to have Joe D. and Anna F. Great job Reiss Edwards.

thanks once again. Anna you’re a Gem and a Star.

Cheyam Shaked

"Anna Foley was the lawyer helping my partner obtain an EEA EFM visa. She was outstanding. Handling the case with constant correspondence over a lengthy, lockdown delayed 7-month application process. Her expert advice guided us successfully through some difficult times as a result of COVID-19. Some of the best service I have received for any service ever! Often replying to emails late at night, offering to send additional correspondence to the home office and going above and beyond in handling our case! Well done and thank you Reiss Edwards and thank you Anna!!".

Isaac .T

"Professional service. I was very impressed with the fact that my ILR application was successful 6 weeks after the submission amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. I also think the portfolio put together by the team at Reiss Edwards has played a big part in the quick turnaround of my application".

Reiss Edwards Reviews

O.L

"Andy Tieu is absolutely amazing, as a lawyer myself I can categorically say tha...

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Kiran Sardar

"I found Joe very helpful and tremendous patience which is a must in this profes...

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Cheyam Shaked

"Anna Foley was the lawyer helping my partner obtain an EEA EFM visa. She was ou...

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Isaac .T

"Professional service. I was very impressed with the fact that my ILR applicatio...

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