Anyone who has listened to politicians, especially those discussing Brexit, in recent years, will not have failed to hear the argument that the Australian points-based system represents the very best approach to immigration. But is this true? In this article, we will discuss what is meant by a points-based system and the relative pros and cons of this approach.
At the core of points-based systems (PBS) is the awarding of points for certain characteristics that are seen as desirable from the standpoint of immigration and economic growth. PBS is synonymous with restrictive immigration control, designed to prevent those with lower skills from entering and remaining, and encourage only those individuals with the best skills, education, and work experience, among other factors. As such, PBSs are supposed to be about selecting the best from a pool of potential candidates.
One of the characteristics of PBSs is that they can be throttled to allow entry to more or fewer people with specific skills and attributes. For example, if there is a need for skilled tradespeople, or, as in the case of the NHS, nurses, and doctors, the points threshold can be altered accordingly, or specific skills added to a list of shortage occupations.
PBS is used in other countries around the world, including Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The UK already has a PBS and has for many years. This may come as a surprise to many not acquainted with our immigration rules and have heard time and time again that the UK needs an 'Australian-style' PBS. What the politicians really mean is that they want a PBS to apply to everyone who wishes to come to the UK, including those in the EU and European Economic Area (EEA).
On 13th July 2020, the Home Office, under the auspices of Home Secretary, Priti Patel, set out details of the UK's new PBS which is to be introduced from 1st January 2021, when the UK formally ends the transitional trade arrangement with the EU, and the free movement ends. The announcement by the Home Office stated:
From 1 January 2021, free movement will end and the UK will introduce a points-based immigration system. The new system will treat EU and non-EU citizens equally and transform the way in which all migrants come to the UK to work. Under a points-based immigration system, points are assigned for specific skills, qualifications, salaries and shortage occupations. Visas are then awarded to those who gain enough points. The points-based system will provide simple, effective, and flexible arrangements for skilled workers from around the world to come to the UK through an employer-led system.
According to the latest details available, anyone coming to the UK to work will need to demonstrate that:
At present, the Home Office has stated that a minimum of 70 points must be reached in order to apply to work in the UK. Points will be awarded as follows:
Under this new system, some characteristics can be 'traded', e.g. higher qualifications can be traded against a lower salary.
As previously stated, PBSs are seen as a way to gain control of the number and skill level of inbound migrant workers based on demand. From a governmental perspective, it is considered that this has a corresponding benefit to the economy as profitable and innovative businesses can scale up and resource themselves with the skills they need. Following the Brexit vote, the UK government also sees the proposed PBS system as a way to stem the number of low skilled immigrants. This may also reduce the social welfare bill by encouraging UK nationals and settled people to replace the supply of labour from other countries once free movement ends.
The implementation of the new PBS and the prevention of lower-skilled migrants is likely to cause a lack of available personnel in industries such as hospitality, agriculture, and care. PBS systems may deter potential migrants who see the application process as complex, too uncertain, and arbitrary (when it comes to awarding points and thresholds). It may, therefore, result in a lack of immigrants making applications, and hence a labour supply shortage. While thresholds can be reduced in this scenario, if the UK is seen as putting up too many barriers to entry for migrant workers, it may take a long time to alter this perception and attract prospective migrants.
The new UK points-based system will very likely need to be refined and tweaked next year as it is tested in the real world. Either way, the country is going to need to make itself a desirable and attractive place for those with the best skills. If that can be achieved, and if the PBS application system is made relatively quick and easy, it may prove effective. We will keep you updated as further details of the new PBS emerge and it is implemented in 2021. For legal assistance with your immigration matter, contact our experienced immigration solicitors.
It's a shame that you dont have an 'Excellent' star rating on here, as my experience with Reiss Edwards is nothing short of an excellent rating. They handled my application for an Indefinite Leave to remain in April 2014 and did my husband's one very recently including my daughter. Every time i have approached them, they have continued to treat me with courtesy, respect and patience. Amar was indeed a very thorough and professional gentleman. He is very knowledgeable, corporative and engaging. He responded to my emails, calls and enquiries promptly. He was always reassuring. I could not have asked for a better Immigration service. I would recommend them over and over again for anyone looking for an immigration advice. They gave me a free immigration advice when i called them, and the quality of the advice was something other charge thousands for. If you need a particular, name, Amar would be it. He exemplifies, for me, the true, professional gentleman. He is a valuable asset to Reiss Edwards.
I am glad that i instructed Reiss Edwards on my visa matter. It started with a 20 minutes free immigration advice. I met with Amar to discuss my ILR refusal. He gave me a great deal of quality advice and decided to take on my messy case. I had doubts on the merits of my case by he was relatively convinced he could win it. That made me quite secure. To be honest, things did not start as quick as I would have wanted, but they kept on communicating the process and state of things to me.A big thank you to Verusha and Foram. They were also very helpful. Brilliant and informative. Their fee was fair and reasonable, especially if you compare them to other law firms and immigration law firms in London; some of whom even told me that i would not be able to get an indefinte leave to remain in this country. The process was long but was worth it. In the end, a big thank you to Reiss Edwards.
Investing over 2 million pounds is defintely not a routine decision. We had to make sure that the Tier 1 investor immigration lawyers that we'd be picking has to be one of the best within the Tier 1 investor category. We contacted Reiss Edwards and they were able to get us not only the Tier 1 investor visa but also suggested profitable investment portfolios in addition to what we already had in mind.
TI have just had British Citizenship application approved. Prior to making the application, i was not sure which law firm i should hire to facilitate the paperwork. After a few hours of research, i decided to go with Reiss Edwards and i must confess that i wasnt disappointed. The immigration lawyers at Reiss Edwards handled my case well and they really knew what they were doing. They were fully aware of what documents I needed and it was easy for them to tell if my case was going to be easy or not. At the end of the day, I have not received my British citizenship within 3 months. If anyone is looking for a good immigration lawyer to handle thier case, contact Reiss Edwards.
My wife's spouse visa extension application was refused by the Home Office and they gave her 14 days to leave the country. We contacted Reiss Edwards and they said "OK don't worry we will sort this out". They put together the list of documents for me to obtain and they prepared a bundle which was as thick as the printer it came out from.We followed everything they asked us to do and in the end we won our appeal and got our spouse visa. We can't recommend them enough and we have promised ourselves never to make any more UK visa applications without them.
The team of lawyers at Reiss Edwards are very professional and friendly people. Their experience in and around UK immigration law is quite extensive; be sure that you application is in safe and competent hands. My immigration matter was an indefinite leave to remain application based on Tier 1 on a self-employment basis. The immigration lawyers at Reiss Edwards made sure that the application was perfect and ready to be accepted. I got a positive decision and I recommend them highly for anyone who needs a UK immigration help.
I contacted Reiss Edwards to help me with my wife's UK settlement visa. They acted with utmost professionalism throughout the entire application. I spoke with Joe Dinh, he is an immigration solicitor and he is one of the best solicitors out there. He ensured that there was little to no room for error. At some point I thought he was over cautious. He remained calmed and continued to assure us on our immigration matter. Most people in his position would have panicked but he was calmed and continued to assure us. We received out positive outcome very quickly.
I have been using Reiss Edwards for three years now for my family's immigration application. Both for my initial application and extension. They are really affordable. The team of solicitors at this firm are probably one of the most efficient and economical in terms of cost. They offered free advice over the phone and spent good time with us before inviting us for consultation.
Reiss Edwards is a top notch immigration service company. The way they handled our documentation and also the list of documents they sent was efficient and top quality. They helped us professionally throughout the process. We are very happy with the immigration advice we received from the team. We highly recommend them.
I used Reiss Edwards immigration lawyers to assist with my immigration matter and that of my family. It was an EX1 application. They dealt with the matter properly and even when complications were coming up from the Home Office, they helped resolve the issue properly. They are very professional and are very popular in London. I am happy to have worked with them.
This is the only firm that i spoke with that didn't ask for money before listening to me, will be using them again.
I used Reiss Edwards for my Tier 2 visa application and it was successful. The team was ever present and happy to answer my question. The caseworker that dealing with my case went on holiday yet by case did not suffer one bit. Another lawyer stepped and took over the case without any hassle.
My Tier 1 Investor Visa was dealt with quickly and without issue. Would recommend Reiss Edwards as an Immigration law firm in London. Thank you to the team.
530 ReviewsREAD ALL REVIEWS